Acanthophiobolus helicosporus (Berk, & Br.) Walker: On dead overwintered stems of Equisetum sp. (developed in moist chamber). Arachnoid (cobweb-like) colony. Ascomata develop on superficial mycelium and on substrate surface, globose (200µm dia) with short papillate neck, pale brown peridium (text. Angularis), spines around ostiole dark brown and septate, up to 200µm long, short spines around 30 µm long also present; paraphyses not observed; asci 170-250×10µm; spores hyaline, filiform up to 160×2µm, multiseptate? (difficult to determine), slightly swollen pale area (empty cell??) at apex, helically coiled in the ascus. Reference – Walker, J. 1980. Gaeumannomyces , Linocarpon, Ophiobolus and several other genera of scolicospored Ascomycetes and Phialophora condial states, with a note on hyphopodia. Mycotaxon 11: 1-129. Ellis and Ellis, 1997 (enlarged edition original 1985), Microfungi on Land Plants 868 pp.
Allophylaria subliciformis Karsten: On dead influorescence of Cirsium sp. Ascomata glassy looking (shiny), text. lineolata/porrecta (hyphal like), pale cream to white; filiform paraphyses; asci 170×12-15µm I+ (redder) in Lugols; spores 25-30×6.5-7.5µm, often 3-septate when germinating. Similar to A. macrospora but with red ascus apex. Reference – This specimen was cited by Martinez-Gil and Baral, 2018, Allophylaria subliciformis (Pezizellaceae Helotiales), a rare species rediscovered in Europe and Canada, Ascomycete.org 10(2) 67-75.
Selected Examples of Habitats
Black Creek – mixed spruce and fir woods with scattered poplars; small estuary with some cattails.
Highland Park Road Pond – various sedges, cattails and fallen logs in pond. Good for freshwater aquatic fungi.